Ancient Makyneia is one of the most important ancient cities of the region
Acropolis and fortifications
The secluded, walled citadel was built, according to the archaeological data, probably in the 3rd century BC. on the plateau named Palaiokastro at the end of mount Tafiassos (Paliovouna) in order to control the south and west sides of the plain where present-day villages Makyneia and Riza are located. The Acropolis had an exceptional overview of the straits of Rio-Antirio and Achaia.
The citadel’s fortifications, particularly strong in antiquity, are approximately 377m. long, and fortify the flat hilltop of a surface of about 8.800 m2. The fortifications consist of a double wall. The exterior surfaces of the wall were constructed of roughly processed stone blocks from local gray-green sandstone. The interior was filled with rubble limestone without mortar or earthen filling. The wall is reinforced by 8 towers, 2 fortification protrusions and 4 gates, of which the main one is located on the eastern side. The architectural findings located so far within the acropolis have been identified either as private establishments for times of siege, or as arsenals or, finally, as military quarters.